Kategoride Yazılmış Congenital Deformities

Flathead / Plagiocephaly

Flat head syndrome is the name given to the condition when part of a baby’s head becomes flattened due to continued pressure on one spot.There are two types of flat head syndromes in babies. Plagiocephaly – This is a flattening on one side of a baby’s head.Its most common form is ‘positional plagiocephaly’, which happens […]


Craniosynostosis (from cranio, cranium; + syn, together; + ostosis relating to bone) is a condition in which one or more of the fibrous sutures in an infant skull prematurely fuses by turning into bone,thereby changing the growth pattern of the skull. Because the skull cannot expand perpendicular to the fused suture, it compensates by growing […]

Malocclusion ( Bad Bite )

Malocclusion is the misalignment of teeth and jaws, or more simply, a “bad bite”. Malocclusion can cause a number of health and dental problems. Malocclusion is the result of the body trying to optimize its function in a dysfunctional environment. It can be associated with a number of problems, including crooked teeth, gum problems, the […]


Apert syndrome is a form of acrocephalosyndactyly, a congenital disorder characterized by malformations of the skull, face, hands and feet. It is classified as a branchial arch syndrome, affecting the first branchial (or pharyngeal) arch, the precursor of the maxilla and mandible. Disturbances in the development of the branchial arches in fetal development create lasting […]


Crouzon syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder known as a branchial arch syndrome. Specifically, this syndrome affects the first branchial (or pharyngeal) arch, which is the precursor of the maxilla and mandible. Since the branchial arches are important developmental features in a growing embryo, disturbances in their development create lasting and widespread effects. This […]


Pfeiffer syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the premature fusion of certain bones of the skull (craniosynostosis), which prevents further growth of the skull and affects the shape of the head and face. Pfeiffer syndrome also affects bones in the hands and feet. It is named after Rudolf Arthur Pfeiffer (b. 1931) who, […]

Treacher Collinssyndrome (TCS)

  Children with Treacher Collins Syndrome (mandibulofacial dysostosis) exhibit severe malar and mandibular hypoplasia. They have charecteristic downward – slanting , palpebral fissures and colobomata of the loweral lip. Severe external , middle, and inner ear malformations can occur with concomittant and conductive hearing loss. Approximately one third of the patient have a cleft palate. […]



Hypertelorism is an abnormally increased distance between two organs or bodily parts, usually referring to an increased distance between the orbits (eyes), or orbital hypertelorism. In this condition the distance between the inner eye corners as well as the distance between the pupils is greater than normal. Hypertelorism should not be confused with telecanthus, in […]