Craniofacial surgery covers all face – jaw – skull related surgeries . It a special area , a more spesific area in cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery but with own scientific approach and methods .
Preforming face , jaw , head area surgeries does NOT make te surgeon a Craniofascial Surgeon , it needs a spesific special education, clinical experience and higher degree. Methods and vision is much different than other areas like brain surgery etc.
All over the world a limited number of centers offer really comphrehensive craniofacial surgeries. These team focus on congential face jaw skull deformieties with or without special syndromes like Apert , Crouzon , Treacher Collins , Pfeiffer etc. or deformities which develope later in life with injuries , accidents , trauma, cancer etc.
Craniofacial Disorders and Craniofacial Surgery
Craniofacial disorders can cause dysfunction or affect appearance which condition can be improved by plastic and reconstructive craniofacial surgery. The most common craniofacial disorders include:
• Apert Syndrome – Crowning of the scull, narrow palate, hand abnormalities.
• Cleft lip and palate – Can result in feeding, breathing, dental anomalies, speech difficulties.
• Craniofacial cleft…
• Craniosynostosis – Premature fusion and consolidation of the skull plates resulting in abnormal brain growth, asymmetrical facial bones due to increased pressure
• Crouzon syndrome – Characterized by high, wide forehead, underdeveloped upper jaw and protruding eyeballs.
• Hemangioma – A marked red protruding or flat blemis, it is the most frequent benign tumor in children.
• Hypertelorbitism – Results in abnormally big distance between two parts of the face (e.g.: eyes).
• Malocclusion – It is the abnormal contact of the upper and lower teeth.
• Platybasia – The occipital bone and the cervical spine are badly connected.
• Treacher Collins Syndrome …